Termo

Tibetano:

སྡེ་སྣོད་གསུམ་

sde snod gsum

três cestos

Sânscrito:

त्रिपिटक

tripiṭaka

três cestos

Português:

três piṭakas, três cestos

Lit. “três cestos”. Trata-se das três categorias ou secções – Vinaya, Sūtra e Abhidharma – em que foram organizadas as palavras do Buda. Estas foram compiladas no primeiro concílio, realizado após o parinirvāṇa do Buda. Ānanda recitou de memória todos os ensinamentos do Buda relativos ao Sūtra; Kāśyapa todos os ensinamentos de análise e classificação dos fenómenos, o Abhidharma; e Upāli todas as regras da disciplina ética, o Vinaya. As secções do Tripiṭaka podem também ser entendidas como categorias gerais nas quais todo o Dharma pode ser organizado. [STLX]

"Tripiṭaka" significa "os três cestos", são assim chamados porque os fólios de folhas de palmeira sobre os quais as escrituras foram originalmente escritas foram recolhidos e guardados em cestos.

English:

three piṭakas, baskets, three collections.

The three collections of the Buddha's teachings, Vinaya, Sūtra and Abhidharma. The Vajrayāna teachings are sometimes considered as a fourth piṭaka. Tripiṭaka means "the three baskets," so called because the palm-leaf folios on which the scriptures were originally written were collected and stored in baskets. [WOMPT]

The Three Collections of the words of the Buddha (Vinaya, Sutra, and Abhidharma). They were compiled at the first council held shortly after the parinirvāṇa of the Lord Buddha in the Nyagrodha cave at Rājagṛha under the aegis of King Ajātaśatru. Ananda recited from memory all the Buddha's sutric teachings, Kāśyapa all his metaphysical teachings, and Upāli all the rules of ethical discipline. The collection was supplemented and completed at the third council held at the behest of King Kaniṣka. [TPQ]

The three collections of the Buddha’s teachings: Vinaya, Sutra, and Abhidharma. The Vajrayana teachings are sometimes considered as a fourth pitaka. See also pitaka. [ZT 2006]