Termo

Tibetano:

ཕ་རོལ་ཏུ་ཕྱིན་པ་

pha rol tu phyin pa

foi para além/ foi para a outra margem

Sânscrito:

पारमिता

pāramitā

foi para a outra margem

Português:

pāramitā, virtude transcendente, perfeição transcendente

Lit. “o que foi além”. São as seis “perfeições transcendentes” que constituem a prática principal dos bodhisattvas, nomeadamente: a generosidade, a disciplina ética, a paciência, a diligência, a concentração e a sabedoria; cuja prática leva à progressão no caminho Mahāyāna até que seja alcançada a budeidade completa. [STLX]

As pāramitās podem ser seis ou dez e o que transforma um ato comum de, por exemplo, generosidade numa pāramitā, ou perfeição transcendente, é a sabedoria (prajñā ) da vacuidade; nomeadamente a vacuidade das três esferas: sujeito, objeto e ação.

English:

pāramitā, transcendent perfection, transcendence, perfection

The six methods of training in the bodhicitta of application. They are transcendent because they are accompanied by the wisdom of emptiness. See also six transcendent perfections. [WOMPT]

A transcendent perfection or virtue, the practice of which leads to buddhahood and which therefore forms the practice of bodhisattvas. There are six pāramitās: generosity, ethical discipline, patience, diligence, concentration, and wisdom. According to another reckoning there are ten pāramitās, these six with the addition of a further four, regarded as aspects of the wisdom pāramitā. They are: skillful means, strength, aspiration, and primordial wisdom. [TPQ]

A term used to describe the practice of a Bodhisattva, combining skillful means and wisdom, the compassionate motivation of attaining enlightenment for the sake of all beings, and the view of emptiness. See six and ten transcendent perfections. [TLWF 2011] [ZT 2006]

See perfections [LLB 2002]

These represent the fundamental practices of the Mahayana path. The six are Generosity, Ethical Discipline, Patience, Diligence, Concentration, and Wisdom. The ten consist of the six just mentioned but with the last perfection of wisdom broken down into the aspects of Means (thabs), Strength (stobs), Aspiration (smon lam), and Primordial Wisdom (ye shes). They are called transcendent because, in conjunction with wisdom, they lead beyond samsara. [LLB 2002]