Uma terra de ḍākinīs, berço de Padmasambhava e Garab Dorje. É uma região da Índia antiga que, segundo certas autoridades, corresponde ao Vale de Swat entre o Afeganistão e Kashmir. Quando falamos do "Precioso Mestre de Oḍḍiyāna" ou do "Segundo Buda de Oḍḍiyāna", referimo-nos sempre a Padmasambhava.
A ḍākinī land which is the birthplace of Padmasambhava. According to some it is located between present-day Afghanistan and Kashmir. The use of “Oḍḍiyāna” coupled with titles such as “Great One,” “Second Buddha,” and “Great Master” invariably refers to Padmasambhava. [TLWF 2011][WOMPT]
Also called Orgyen or Urgyen, a region in ancient India corresponding, according to some authorities, to the valley of Swat between Afghanistan and Kashmir. Oddiyana was the birthplace of Guru Padmasambhava and Garab Dorje, the first human master of the Dzogchen tradition. [TPQ]
Also called Oddiyana, a country to the northwest of ancient India, nowadays identified as the Swat Valley in Kashmir. It was here that Guru Padmasambhava was born. [LLB 2002]