Termo

Tibetano:

ཨ་ཏི་ཤ, ཇོ་བོ་ཨ་ཏི་ཤ, ཇོ་ཝོ་ཨ་ཏི་ཤ

a ti sha, jo bo a ti sha, jo wo a ti sha

 Atenção: provisório – em revisão 

Sânscrito:

अतीश, अतीश दीपंकर

atīśa, atīśa dīpaṁkara

Português:

Atīśa, Atīśa Dīpaṁkara, Jowo Atīśa

Também conhecido como Dīpaṃkara-śrī-jñāna (982-1054), foi abade da universidade monástica de Vikramaśīla, na Índia. A convite do lama e rei Yeshe Ö, viajou para o Tibete em 1042, inspirando a restauração do budismo após o período de perseguições imposto durante o reinado de Langdarma. Atīśa — ou Jowo Je (jo bo rje), epíteto pelo qual ficou célebre — introduziu no Tibete as técnicas de treino mental que tinha recebido do seu mestre Suvarṇadvīpa Dharmakīrti — mais conhecido entre os tibetanos como Serlingpa — que combinam as duas correntes de ensinamentos sobre a bodhi­citta transmitidas por Nāgārjuna e Asaṅga. Atīśa foi também um mestre tântrico. O seu principal discípulo tibetano e sucessor foi o upasāka Dromtönpa ('brom ston pa), fundador da antiga escola Kadampa. Atīśa permaneceu no Tibete durante doze anos e aí faleceu, em Nyethang, no ano de 1054.

Inglês:

Atīśa, Atīśa Dīpaṁkara, Jowo Atīśa

Also known as Dīpaṁkara or Jowo Atīśa (jo bo a ti sha). This great Indian master and scholar, one of the main teachers at the famous university of Vikramaśīla, was a strict follower of the monastic rule. He received the bodhicitta teachings from many important masters, and in particular from the Lord of Suvarṇadvīpa (Dharmakīrti), under whom he studied in Indonesia. He spent the last ten years of his life in Tibet, teaching and taking part in the translation of Buddhist texts. His disciples founded the Kadampa school. [...]

Also known as Dipamkarashrijnana (982-1054), abbot of the Indian monastic university of Vikramaśīla. Philosophically, he is considered to be Prāsaṅgika Madhyamaka in the school of Candrakīrti, although he also upheld the teachings of the Yogācāra Madhyamaka. He came to Tibet at the invitation of the king Yeshe O to restore the Buddhadharma after its persecution by Langdarma. He introduced there the Mind Training teachings (blo 'byongs), which he received from his teacher Suvarṇadvīpa Dharmakini and which are a synthesis of the bodhichitta traditions of Nāgārjuna and Asaṅga. He was also a master of the tantra teachings. His main disciple and successor was the upāsaka Dromtön ('brom ston), who founded the Kadampa school and built the monastery of Reting (rwa sgreng). Atīśa died at Nyethang in Tibet in 1054· [TPQ, 1998]

The great Indian master and scholar Dipamkara (982–1054), who spent the last ten years of his life in Tibet propagating the teachings on refuge and bodhichitta and contributing to the translation of Buddhist texts. His disciples founded the Kadampa school, which emphasized the teachings on the mind training. [TLWF, 2011]

Also known as Dipamkara or Jowo Atisha (jo bo a ti sha): this great Indian master and scholar, one of the main teachers at the famous university of Vikramashila, was a strict follower of the monastic rule. Although he was an accomplished master of the tantras, the last ten years of his life that he spent in Tibet were mainly devoted to propagating the teachings on refuge and bodhichitta, and to contributing to the translation of Buddhist texts. His disciples founded the Kadampa School. [ZT, 2006]

982–1054. The great Indian master and scholar Dīpaṃkara-shrī-jñāna, who spent the last ten years of his life in Tibet, propagating the teachings on refuge and bodhichitta and contributing to the translation of Buddhist texts. His disciples founded the Kadampa school, which emphasized the teachings on mind training.[NS]

Espanhol:

Atīśa, Atīśa Dīpaṁkara, Jowo Atīśa

También conocido como Dīpaṁkara o Jowo Atīśa (tib. jo bo a ti sha). Este gran maestro y erudito indio, uno de los principales profesores de la famosa universidad monástica de Vikramaśīla, fue un seguidor estricto de la regla monástica. Recibió las enseñanzas de la bodhicitta de muchos maestros importantes, y en particular del Señor de Suvarṇadvīpa (Dharmakīrti), con quien estudió en Indonesia. Pasó los últimos diez años de su vida en el Tíbet enseñando y participando en la traducción de textos budistas. Sus discípulos fundaron la escuela Kadampa.

Francês:

Atīśa (Jowo, Dīpaṁkara)

(982-1054), grand maître et érudit indien, l’un des principaux professeurs de l’université indienne de Vikramaśīla, adhérant strictement à la règle monastique. Il se rendit en Indonésie pour recevoir les enseignements de l’esprit d’Éveil auprès de Suvarṇadvīpa (Serlingpa) et passa les douze dernières années de sa vie au Tibet, enseignant et contribuant aux traductions. Ses disciples fondèrent l’école Kadam. [CGP, 1997]

Italiano:

Atīśa, Atīśa Dīpaṁkara, Jowo Atīśa

Grande maestro ed erudito indiano, oltre che uno dei principali insegnanti alla famosa università di Vikramaśīla, che aderiva strettamente alla regola monastica. Atīśa ricevette gli insegnamenti sul bodhicitta da molti importanti maestri, in particolare dal Signore di Suvarṇadvīpa (Dharmakīrti), sotto la guida del quale studiò per molti anni in Indonesia. Trascorse gli ultimi anni di vita in Tibet, diffondendo gli insegnamenti e partecipando alla traduzione dei testi buddhisti. I suoi discepoli fondarono la scuola Kadampa.