Termo

Tibetano:

ལས་

las

ação

Sânscrito:

कर्म

karma

ação, trabalho

Português:

karma, ação, lei de causa-efeito

Lit. “ação”. O princípio psicofísico de causa e efeito de acordo com o qual todas as experiências são resultado de ações anteriores, e todas as ações são sementes de momentos futuros ao longo da existência cíclica. As ações que resultam em experiências de felicidade são definidas como virtuosas ou positivas; as ações que dão origem a sofrimento são tidas como não-virtuosas ou negativas. O karma não deve ser confundido com a noção de destino, fatalidade ou predeterminação, uma vez que, pelo contrário, este implica que tudo o que é experienciado pode ser alterado através das ações que se pratica. [STLX]

English:

karma, action

We have generally preferred to say "the effects of actions," "actions and their effects" or the "principle of cause and effect." Karma literally means simply "action," but is often used loosely to mean the result produced by past actions (las kyi 'bras bu, Skt. karmaphala). [WOMPT]

Also translated in this book as “actions,” or as “past deeds.” Implied in the use of this term is the force created by a positive or negative action which is then stored in an individual’s stream of being and persists until it is experienced as pleasure or pain (usually in another life), after which the deed is said to be exhausted. Although the Sanskrit term karma simply means “action,” it has come to be widely used to signify the result produced by past deeds (Tib. las kyi ’bras bu), which is sometimes wrongly equated with destiny or fate, that is, with something beyond one’s control. In the Buddhist teachings, the principle of karma covers the whole process of deeds leading to results in future lives, and this is taught as being something that is very definitely within one’s control. See also law of cause and effect. [TLWF 2011]

Action, the psychophysical principle of cause and effect according to which all experiences are the result of previous actions, and all actions are the seeds of future existential situations. Actions resulting in the experience of happiness are defined as virtuous; actions which give rise to suffering are described as nonvirtuous. [TPQ] [LLB 2002][CMH 2001]

Although this term simply means “action,” it has come to be widely used to signify the result produced by past actions (Tib. las kyi ’bras bu), often with the implication of destiny or fate and of something beyond one’s control. In the Buddhist teachings, the principle of karma covers the whole process of actions leading to results in future lives, which is something that is very definitely within one’s control. See also law of cause and effect. [ZT 2006]