Termo

Tibetano:

རང་སངས་རྒྱས་

rang sangs rgyas

buda por si

Sânscrito:

प्रत्येकबुद्ध

pratyekabuddha

cada um + buddha

Português:

pratyekabuddha, buda por si mesmo

Um “buda por si”, isto é, aquele que alcança um determinado nível de iluminação por si mesmo, sem depender de um mestre. Os pratyekabuddhas atingem a cessação do sofrimento ao meditar sobre os doze elos da originação dependente, reconhecem a natureza vazia do “eu”, e também caminham em direção à compreensão da natureza vazia dos fenómenos. Por outras palavras, compreendem a vacuida- de dos fenómenos percetíveis, mas não a da mente que os perceciona, pois ainda acreditam em diminutos instantes de consciência como algo verdadeiramente existente. [STLX)

English:

pratyekabuddha, buddha for himself, solitary reealizer

"someone reaching the end of saṃsāra without the help of a spiritual master. By studying the nature of interdependent origination, he realizes the absence of true existence of the self and half-realizes the absence of true existence of phenomena." DICT.

The term applied to followers of the Basic Vehicle who attain liberation (the cessation of suffering) on their own, without the help of a spiritual teacher. Although some Solitary Realizers with sharp intellects remain alone “like rhinoceroses,” others with dull minds need to stay in large groups, “like flocks of parrots.” Solitary Realizers’ practice consists, in particular, of meditation on the twelve links of interdependent origination. [TLWF 2011]

A "Solitary Buddha," one who, without relying on a teacher, attains the cessation of suffering by meditating on the twelve links of dependent arising. Pratyekabuddhas realize the emptiness of the person and go halfway to realizing the emptiness of phenomena. In other words, they realize the emptiness of perceived phenomena—but not that of the subject, the perceiving mind. [TPQ]

A follower of the Basic Vehicle who attains liberation (the cessation of suffering) without the help of a spiritual teacher. [NLF 2005] [ZT 2006]

A "solitary buddha," one who without relying on a teacher but through the power of past karma attains the cessation of suffering by meditating on the twelve links of dependent arising. A pratyekabuddha realizes the emptiness of the personal self and goes halfway to realizing
the emptiness of phenomena. In other words, he realizes the emptiness of external, perceived, phenomena. The emptiness of the subject (the perceiving mind) remains to be realized. [CMH 2001]